Number of states : There are 46 countries including Madagascar, and 53 including all the island groups (Western Sahara not counted as independent state)
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Northerly point: Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia (37°21' N); most southerly point: Cape Agulhas in South Africa (34°51'15" S); the westernmost point: Cape Verde, 17°33'22" W; the eaternmost point: Ras Hafun in Somalia, 51°27'52" E
Size: 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 sq mi)
the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Lake Assal, Djibouti: 512 feet / 156 meters below sea level; Highest point: Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19340 feet / 5895 meters
Extreme Points: Northernmost Point: Ras ben Sakka, Tunisia (37°21'N); Southernmost Point: Cape Agulhas, South Africa (34°51'15"S); Westernmost Point: Santo Antão, Cape Verde Islands (25°25'W); Easternmost Point — Rodrigues, Mauritius (63°30'E)
African pole of inaccessibility is close to the border of Central African Republic, Sudan and Congo, near the town Obo.
Population and People
Population: More than 900,000,000 people (as of 2005)
Population Growth rate: Rates of growth fluctuate from 2.0 and 1.6 per cent in Northern and Southern Africa to 2.5 and 2.7 per cent in Western and Middle Africa, while the average for the continent is about 2.4 per cent.
Religion: Approximately 46.5% of all Africans are Christians and another 40.5% are Muslims with roughly 11.8% of Africans following indigenous African religions
Languages : Well over a thousand languages (some have estimated over two thousand
Algeria (Algiers) Angola (Luanda) Benin (Porto-Novo) Botswana(Gaborone) Burkina Faso (Ouagadougou) Burundi (Bujumbura) Cameroon (Yaounde) Cape Verde(Praia) Central African Republic (Bangui) Chad (N'Djamena) Comoros (Moroni) Congo (The Democratic Republic) (Kinshasa) Congo (Republic of) (Brazzaville) Djibouti (Djibouti) Egypt (Cairo) Equatorial Guinea (Malabo) Eritrea (Asmara) Ethiopia (Addis Ababa) Gabon (Libreville) Gambia (Banjul) Ghana (Accra) Guinea Bissau (Bissau) Guinea (Conakry) Ivory Coast (Yamoussoukro) Kenya (Nairobi) Lesotho (Maseru) Liberia (Monrovia) Libya (Tripoli) Madagascar (Antananarivo) Malawi (Lilongwe) Mali (Bamako) Mauritania (Noukchott) Mauritius (Port Louis) Morocco (Rabat) Mozambique (Maputo) Namibia (Windhoek) Niger (Niamey) Nigeria (Abuja) Reunion (Saint-Denis) Rwanda (Kigali) São Tomé and Principe (São Tomé) Senegal (Dakar) Seychelles (Victoria) Sierra Leone (Freetown) Somalia (Mogadishu) South Africa (Pretoria) Sudan (Khartoum) Swaziland (Mbabane) Tanzania (Dar es Salaam) Togo (Lome) Tunisia (Tunis) Uganda (Kampala) Zambia (Lusaka) Zimbabwe (Harare)