Guinea ALERT: Two national rad...

Guinea ALERT: Two national radio journalists unfairly suspended

Ibrahima Sadio Bah and Amadou Diouldé Diallo, two senior sports journalists of the state-owned Radio Télévision Guinéenne (RTG) were on February 10,...
GUINEA: Record cold snap destr...

GUINEA: Record cold snap destroys crops, kills hundreds of animals

Near-freezing temperatures in north-central Guinea in January destroyed crops and livestock on which thousands of people depend for food as well as...

ECOWAS to sanction Guinea

Guinea stands to be sanctioned on Friday when an extra-ordinary session of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to convene in...

Guinea junta pledges 2009 polls

Guinea's military ruler has promised to hold elections in 2009 - a year earlier than previously announced. "Captain Camara was very

French official visits Guinea to discuss elections

A French official will travel to Guinea on Saturday to meet the ruling military junta and the civilian prime minister to discuss the organisation of...

Guinea junta names banker as PM

Guinea's military rulers have named a banker as their prime minister, a week after their coup. Kabine Komara had been an executive at the African...

National name: République de Guinée


Capital: Conakry
Major Towns: Boké, Labé, Kamsar, Macenta, Kankan
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): 9°31'N, 13°42'W
Time Zone: GMT
Size (Land and Sea): 245,857 sq km
Borders with Cote d'Ivoire 610 km, Guinea-Bissau 386 km, Liberia 563 km, Mali 858 km, Senegal 330 km, Sierra Leone 652 km
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m; Highest point: Mont Nimba 1,752 m

Head of State: President: Lansana Conté (1984), Prime Minister: Lansana Kouyaté (2007)
Form of Government: Republic
Independancy (from France): October 2 1958
Currency: Guinean franc (GNF)


Main industries: Bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
Natural resources: bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish
Agriculture: rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava (tapioca), bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats; timber

Population and People  

Population: 9,947,814 (July 2007 est.)
Population density per sq mi: 105
Growth rate: 2.6%
Birth rate: 41.53 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.75 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 88.6/1000
Religion: Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7%
Languages: French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Ethnic groups / Tribes: Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Average age: 0-14 years: 44.3% (male 2,226,414/female 2,183,153); 15-64 years: 52.5% (male 2,611,833/female 2,610,773); 65 years and over: 3.2% (male 138,392/female 177,249) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 49.7
Literacy (definition: age 15 and over can read and write): Total population: 29.5%; male: 42.6%; female: 18.1% (2003 est.)

  • Formerly known as French Guinea
  • Was part of a series of empires, including Ghana Empire, Sosso Kingdom and the Mali Empire
  • Guinea possesses over 25 billion metric tons of bauxite--and perhaps up to one-half of the world's reserves
  • Great trekking through beautiful highland scenery
  • The three great rivers of West Africa (the Gambia, the Senegal and the Niger) all originate in Guinea’s mountains
  • Strong music tradition
  • The capital, Conakry, is located on the island of Tumbo and is connected to the Kaloum Peninsula by a 300m (984ft) pier
  • Capital Conakry has botanical gardens, cathedral, National Museum
  • The Palais du Peuple in Conakry is a large, Chinese-built auditorium that is home to two national ballet troupes
  • Bossous, a small village on the Liberian border is one of the best places in west Africa to see chimpanzees
  • The Kakimbon Caves in the village of Ratoma, now a suburb of Conakry, are the source of many interesting legends and are bestowed with great religious significance by the local Baga people
  • Beautiful beaches and islands
  • Katikan: open air markets, the Presidential Palace and Great Mosque
  • Kindia is famous for its quality of cloth and weaving and has an indigo dyeing centre and a cloth market grace the centre
  • Fouta Djalon highlands are renowned for their picturesque hills
  • Guinée Forestière, a highland area of rainforest and old pre-Islamic tribes
  • Mt Nimba is Guinea's highest peak at 1752m and offers phenomenal views of surrounding peaks into neighbouring countries