National name: Republika y'u Burundi
Major Towns: Muyinga, Gitega, Bubanza, Bururi
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): 3°30'S, 30°00'E
Time Zone: CAT (UTC+2)
Size (Land and Sea): 27,830 sq km
Borders with Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km
Elevation extremes (lowest and highest points) "lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 772 m
highest point: Heha 2,670 m"
Head of State: President Pierre Nkurunziza
Form of Government: Republic
Independancy (from Belgium): July 1 1962
Currency: Burundi franc (FBu) (BIF)
Main Industries: light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing.
Natural resources: nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone.
Agriculture: coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides.
Population and People
Population: 8,390,505 (2007 est.)
Population density per sq mi: 847
Growth rate: 3.6%
Birth rate: 41.97 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 6.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 61.9/1000
Religion: Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
Languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Ethnic groups / Tribes: Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Average age: 0-14 years: 46.3% (male 1,951,879/female 1,930,371); 15-64 years: 51.2% (male 2,131,759/female 2,162,093); 65 years and over: 2.6% (male 85,522/female 128,881) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 50.8
Literacy (definition: age 15 and over can read and write): Total population: 59.3%: male: 67.3%; female: 52.2% (2000 est.)