Areva wins Niger uranium licence

The French nuclear energy group Areva has been awarded a licence to build and operate the Imouraren mine in Niger. Areva says it expects it to become...

Niger: 2 Canadian Diplomats Missing

Two Canadian diplomats working for the United Nations in Niger have been missing since Sunday night, United Nations officials said Monday. A car that...
Niger ALERT: Two Journalists i...

Niger ALERT: Two Journalists in prison for defamation

Moussa Aksar, managing editor and Sani Aboubacar, reporter of   L’Evénement, an independent weekly newspaper were on November 12, 2008 detained at...
NIGER UPDATE : Journalist refu...

NIGER UPDATE : Journalist refused bail

Zakari Alzouma, editor of Opinions, a Niamey-based independent weekly newspaper who was charged with defamation by the Minister of Public security,...
Niger ALERT: Newspaper editor ...

Niger ALERT: Newspaper editor in detention for defamation

Zakari Alzouma, editor of Opinions, a Niamey-based independent weekly newspaper, is being held by the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) of the...
French section of MSF forced t...

French section of MSF forced to leave Niger

MSF calls on the Niger Government, UNICEF and the World Food Program (WFP) to take action in Maradi and ensure that malnourished children receive...

National name: République du Niger


Capital: Niamey
Major Towns: Niamey, Agadez, Tahoua, Diffa, Zinder, Maradi
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Niamey: 13°32'N, 2°05'E
Time Zone: WAT (UTC+1)
Size (Land and Sea): 1,267,000 km²; Water: 0.02%
Borders with Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad
Elevation extremes: Lowest point is the Niger River, 200 metres (722 ft), highest point is Monts Bagzane at 2,022 metres (6,634 ft)
Head of State: President: Tandja Mamadou, Prime Minister: Seyni Oumarou
Form of Government: Parliamentary Democracy
Independancy (from France): August 3, 1960
Currency: CFA Franc
Industries: uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses.
Natural resources: uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, petroleum
Agriculture: cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
(The poorest country in the world, ranking last on the United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Index)
Population and People  

Population: 12,894,865 (2007 est.); 13,957,000 (July 2005 est.)
Population density per sq mi: 26
Growth rate:  2.9% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 50.2/1000
Total fertility rate: 7.37 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 116.8/1000
Religion: Islam: 80%, Animism: 15%, Christianity: 5%, growing number of Jehovah's Witnesses
Languages: French, Hausa, Zarma&Songhai, Tamajeq, Fulfulde, Kanuri,
Ethnic groups / Tribes: largest ethnic groups are the Hausa, the Djerma-Songhai, the Anasara, the Chinois, from the far east. The remainder are nomadic or semi-nomadic livestock-raising peoples—Fulani, Tuareg, Kanuri, Arabs, and Toubou
Age structure: 0-14 years: 46.9% (male 3,083,871/female 2,969,201); 15-64 years: 50.6% (male 3,354,783/female 3,174,039); 65 years and over: 2.4% (male 155,430/female 157,541) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 44.0
Literacy: 28% (2004 est.)