Low copper prices to hit Zambia's income

Zambia's tax revenues will be hit badly in 2009 unless copper prices rebound, the country's revenue authority (ZAR) was quoted as saying on...

ZAMBIA: A slow start to saving the trees

LUSAKA Wednesday, December 03, 2008 (IRIN) - Zambians are gradually turning to greener energy technologies to save trees after suffering years of...

ZAMBIA: Dr Muzinga, "Many people are demon possessed"

LUSAKA Tuesday, November 25, 2008 (IRIN) - Traditional healers are often the first line of care in Zambia, helping to fill the gaps in a public...

ZAMBIA: Coping with less and less water

KAOMA Wednesday, October 01, 2008 (IRIN) - Deforestation has affected the water cycle in one of Zambia's largest charcoal-producing regions, forcing...

ZAMBIA: Powering up, at last

JOHANNESBURG Friday, October 24, 2008 (IRIN) - The Zambian government signed a US$75 million financing agreement with the World Bank this week to...

ZAMBIA: Hoping for a free and fair election

LUSAKA Tuesday, October 28, 2008 (IRIN) - Widespread allegations of pre-poll irregularities has cranked up tensions in Zambia ahead of presidential...

Official Name: Republic of Zambia


Capital: Lusaka
Major Towns: Lusaka, Livingstone, Mongu, Solwezi, Kasama
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Lusaka: 15°25'S, 28°17'
Time Zone: CAT (UTC+2)
Size (Land and Sea): 752,614 km² , Water: 1%
Borders with Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana,Namibia, Angola
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m, highest point: in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m 
Head of State: President: Levy Mwanawasa
Form of Government: Republic
Independency(from UK):  24 October 1964 
Currency: Zambian kwacha

Main Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.
Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.
Agriculture: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides
Population and People  

Population: 11,477,447 (2007 est.); 11,668,000 (July 2005)
Population density per sq mi: 40
Growth rate: 1.7% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 40.8 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.31 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 100.7/1000
Religion: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Languages: English, Chibemba, Chinyanja, Lunda, Chitonga, Kaonde, Silozi and Luvale.
Ethnic groups / Tribes: the Bemba, Nyanja-Chewa, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Nkoya and Lozi
Age structure: 0-14 years: 45.7% (male 2,633,578/female 2,608,714); 15-64 years: 51.9% (male 2,969,913/female 2,990,923); 65 years and over: 2.4% (male 116,818/female 157,501) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 38.4
Literacy: Total population: 78.2%, male: 85.6%, female: 71.3% (1995 est.)