Equatorial Guinea

EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Poverty rife in Africa’s “Kuwait”

MALABO Monday, October 06, 2008 (IRIN) - Equatorial Guinea is one of the world’s top 30 oil producers, according to its Ministry of Mines, but...

EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Oil money draws sub-Saharan Africans

MALABO Wednesday, October 22, 2008 (IRIN) - A few years after the first US oil drillers arrived in Equatorial Guinea in 1992, hundreds of mostly West...

EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Oil money draws sub-Saharan Africans

A few years after the first US oil drillers arrived in Equatorial Guinea in 1992, hundreds of mostly West African migrants without travel or work...

Guinea coup trial defendant names co-conspirators

Simon Mann, a former United Kingdom SAS officer, told an Equatorial Guinea court that he was one of the "junior" members of a 2004 attempt to...
Gambia Absent in 2008 African ...

Gambia Absent in 2008 African Women Championship

The Draw of the 6th Edition of The African Women Football Championship, slated for next Year in Equatorial Guinea, was held recently without The...

National name: Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial


Capital: Malabo
Major Towns: Luba, Bata, Mbini, Mongomo
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): 3°21'N, 8°40'E
Time Zone: WAT (UTC+1)
Size (Land and Sea): 28,051 sq km
Borders with Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m; Highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m

Head of State:  President: Col. Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979), Prime Minister: Ricardo Mangue Obama Nfubea (2006)
Form of Government: Republic
Independancy (from Spain): October 12, 1968 
Currency: CFA franc (XAF)


Agriculture: coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
Industries: petroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas.
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay.

Population and People 

Population: 551,201 (July 2007 est.)
Population density per sq mi: 51
Growth rate: 2.0%
Birth rate: 35.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.48 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 87.2/1000
Religion: nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices
Languages: Spanish 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (includes French (official), Fang, Bubi) (1994 census)
Ethnic groups / Tribes: Fang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.5% (male 114,816/female 113,688); 15-64 years: 54.8% (male 145,740/female 156,097);  65 years and over: 3.8% (male 8,957/female 11,903) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 49.5
Literacy (definition: age 15 and over can read and write): Total population: 85.7%; male: 93.3%; female: 78.4% (2003 est.)

  • One of the smallest countries in continental Africa
  • It is the only country in mainland Africa where Spanish is an official language
  • Equatorial Guinea is the smallest country, in terms of population, in continental Africa
  • The smallest United Nations member from continental Africa
  • Pygmies and Bantu history
  • It had the highest per capita income of Africa in 1959
  • Large oil reserves
  • The third-largest oil producer in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Forestry, farming, and fishing are also major components of GDP
  • Per capita GDP (PPP) of more than US$30,000 which is as of 2006 the second highest in the world (after Luxembourg)
  • Cocoa and coffee plantations
  • Coastline: 296 km
  • Volcanic islands
  • Luscious vegetation
  • Tropical forests
  • Spanish colonial architecture
  • White-sand beaches
  • The country was first of all named 'Formosa', meaning 'beautiful', by the Portuguese
  • Pico Malabo volcano
  • Mountain climbing
  • Frederick Forsyth wrote his novel The Dogs of War  in Malabo, the capital
  • Moca valley in the southern highlands, also a spiritual centre for the Bubi people
  • Cascades of Moca
  • Several species of monkey
  • During the dry season, turtles come ashore to lay their eggs
  • Monte Alen National Park