NIGERIA: Fighting lethal Lassa...

NIGERIA: Fighting lethal Lassa fever

Nigerian health officials are working to contain a resurgence of Lassa fever, a highly infectious disease that has killed at least eight people in...
Nigerian states urged not to e...

Nigerian states urged not to execute

Nigeria’s state governments have been urged not to extend the death penalty to include crimes such as kidnapping. Nigeria currently operates a...
NIGERIA: Urbanisation chokes c...

NIGERIA: Urbanisation chokes commerce

Shop owners in Nigeria’s northern Kano state told IRIN a government plan to wipe out illegal businesses has thousands of small business owners...
Greenpeace undercover operatio...

Greenpeace undercover operation exposes illegal dumping of e-waste in Nigeria

Electronics companies must take responsibility for recycling their products Electronic waste intended for recycling is being illegally exported...
WEST AFRICA: Hopes for

WEST AFRICA: Hopes for "re-eradicating" polio

Health specialists are increasingly optimistic that growing acceptance of the polio vaccine in northern Nigeria offers hope that an upcoming...
NIGERIA: Painkiller leaves 84 ...

NIGERIA: Painkiller leaves 84 children dead

Health authorities in Nigeria announced on 4 February that 84 children have died and a further 27 have fallen ill since November as a result of...

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Capital: Abuja
Major Towns: Lagos, Abuja, Benin City, Enugu, Port Harcourt, Kaduna
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Abuja: 9°10'N, 7°10'E
Time Zone WAT: (UTC+1)
Size (Land and Sea): 923,768 km²; Water: 1.4%
Borders with Benin, Chad, Cameroon, Niger, Gulf of Guinea
Elevation extremes: Highest points: Chappal Waddi at 2,419 m

Head of State: President: Umaru Yar'Adua, Vice President: Goodluck Jonathan
Form of Government: Presidential Federal Republic
Independancy (from UK): Declared and recognized: October 1, 1960; Republic declared: October 1, 1963
Currency: Nigerian Naira

Main industries: Petroleum, Minerals (coal, tin, iron ore, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc), but no industry; Agricultural products include groundnuts, palm oil, cocoa, coconut, citrus fruits, maize, pearl millet, cassava, yams and sugar cane. It also has a booming leather and textile industry; significant production and manufacturing facilities such as factories for Peugeot the French car marker, Bedford the English truck manufacturer, now a subsidiary of General Motors, and also manufactures t-shirts and processed food.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, arable land
Population and People  

Population: 135,031,164 (2007 est.); 133,530,0001 (2005 est.), most populous country in Africa
Population density per sq mi: 384
Growth rate: 2.4%
Birth rate: 40.2/1000
Total fertility rate: 5.45 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 95.5/1000
Religion: Islam, Christianity,  Hinduism], Judaism, Chrislam (A blend of Christianity and Islam), traditional religious belief
Languages: English, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, Fulani, Kanuri
Ethnic groups / Tribes: more than 250 ethnic groups, with varying languages: largest ethnic groups are the Yoruba, Fulani, Hausa, Igbo, accounting for 68% of population, while the Edo, Ijaw (10%), Kanuri, Ibibio, Nupe and Tiv comprise 27%; small minorities of English, Americans, East Indians, Chinese, Japanese, Syrian, Lebanese and refugees and immigrants from other West African or East African nations
Age structure: 0-14 years: 42.2% (male 28,726,380/female 28,301,729); 15-64 years: 54.7% (male 37,543,678/female 36,277,038); 65 years and over: 3.1% (male 1,987,521/female 2,194,818) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 47.4
Literacy: 68%