Mozambique: Cheap rail travel boosts cross-border trade

MAPUTO Thursday, September 04, 2008 (IRIN) - Angelina Sidumo is one of the hundreds of traders that throng the busy train station in the Mozambican...

MOZAMBIQUE: The goal is clean water for all

MAPUTO Wednesday, September 10, 2008 (IRIN) - Each morning Sophia Santos wakes up early, picks up two 20-litre plastic containers and walks to a...

MOZAMBIQUE: Buried treasure, hidden risks

MARÁVIA Wednesday, September 10, 2008 (IRIN) - Gidion Mutata, 37, rolls up his shirt sleeves, picks up his tools and makes his barefoot way to his...

MOZAMBIQUE-ZIMBABWE: The commodities lifeline

HARARE Thursday, September 11, 2008 (IRIN) - It is 7 a.m. at the main long-distance bus terminus in Zimbabwe's capital, Harare. The roof-rack of a...

MOZAMBIQUE: Winning small victories against HIV and TB

TETE Monday, September 29, 2008 (IRIN) - Inês Muterua, 29, lies on a frayed straw mat between two mud huts and places an old tin can full of sand by...

MOZAMBIQUE: Love, or the next best thing, for sale

MAPUTO Monday, October 13, 2008 (IRIN) - When classes finish at Francisco Manyanga Secondary School in Maputo, capital of Mozambique, most teachers...

National name: República de Moçambique


Capital: Maputo
Major Towns: Maputo, Mutare, Inhambane, Beira, Pemba
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Maputo: 25°57'S, 32°35'E
Time Zone: CAT (UTC+2)
Size (Land and Sea): 801,590 km², Water: 2.2%
Borders with Indian Ocean, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and South Africa
Elevation extremes: Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m, highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m 

Head of State: President: Armando Guebuza, Prime Minister: Luísa Diogo
Form of Government: Republic
Independancy (from Portugal): June 25, 1975
Currency: Mozambican Metical
Industries: food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco.
Natural resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Agriculture: cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef, poultry
Population and People  

Population: 20,905,585 (2007 est.); 19792000 (July 2005 est.), 16,099,246  (1997)
Population density per sq mi: 69
Growth rate:  1.8% (20027 est.)
Birth rate: 38.5 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 5.29 children born/woman (2007 est.) 
 Infant mortality rate: 109.9/1000
Religion: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%
Languages: Portuguese, Zulu, Makonde, Tsonga,
Ethnic groups / Tribes: Indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Age structure: 0-14 years: 44.7% (male 4,692,126/female 4,647,960); 15-64 years: 52.5% (male 5,345,618/female 5,633,511) ; 65 years and over: 2.8% (male 244,886/female 341,484) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 40.9
Literacy: Total population: 42.3%, male: 58.4%, female: 27% (1998 est.)