At least one million children ...

At least one million children at risk by Sudan aid suspension

The safety and survival of a million Sudanese children is at grave risk, not only in Darfur but across the whole of northern Sudan. The suspension...
SUDAN: Aid agencies react to e...

SUDAN: Aid agencies react to expulsions

The expulsion of 10 relief organisations from Sudan will leave hundreds of thousands of the most vulnerable civilians at risk, aid groups warned as...
Millions face starvation and d...

Millions face starvation and disease as aid agencies are expelled from Darfur

More than two million people in Darfur face the risk of starvation and disease following yesterday's decision by the Sudanese government to expel...
ICC issues arrest warrant for ...

ICC issues arrest warrant for Sudanese President al Bashir

The International Criminal Court (ICC) has issued an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar al Bashir. The warrant details charges of crimes...

Bush to meet south Sudan president next week

U.S. President George W. Bush is to meet next week with south Sudan's president to discuss his peace pact with the Khartoum government, which the...

Senegal peacekeeper dies after Darfur car-jacking

A Senegalese peacekeeper has died after armed men shot him in the leg when they seized his car in Sudan's Darfur region, officials said.The soldier...

National name: Jamhuryat as-Sudan


Capital: Khartoum
Major Towns: Omdurman, Khartoum, Nyala, Bor, Port Sudan, Al Fashir
Location (geographical coordinates/latitude and longitude): Khartoum: 15°31'N, 32°35'E
Time Zone: GMT+3
Size (Land and Sea): 2,505,813 km²; 6% Water
Borders with Egypt, the Red Sea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Chad and Libya
Elevation extremes: Lowest point : Red Sea 0 m, highest point: Kinyeti 3,187 m

Head of State: President: Omar al-Bashir; Prime Minister: Salva Kiir
Form of Government: Government of National Unity
Independancy (from Egypt and UK): January 1, 1956
Currency: Sudanese Dinar
Main industries: Oil export, Minerals (petroleum, natural gas, gold, silver, chrome, asbestos, manganese, gypsum, mica, zinc, iron, lead, uranium, copper, kaolin, cobalt, granite, nickel and tin), agriculture
Other industries: Cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly.
Natural resources: petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
Agriculture: cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Population and People
Population: 42,292,929 (2007 est.); 36,992,490 (July 2006); 24,940,683 (1993)
Population density per sq mi: 46
Growth rate: 2.5% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 33.9 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 4.69 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 59.6/1000
Religion: 75% Islam, 15-20% animist or indigenous beliefs, 5% Christianity
Languages: Arabic, English, Nubian, Bari, Fur, Zande
Ethnic groups / Tribes: black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.6% (male 8,371,628/female 8,016,880); 15-64 years: 56% (male 11,080,025/female 10,956,458); 65 years and over: 2.4% (male 504,957/female 449,410) (2007 est.)
Life expectancy: 59.3
Literacy: Total population: 46.1%; male: 57.7%, female: 34.6% (1995 est.)